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Bellringers for Anatomy

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Bellringer #42
1. What would the effect of a hemorrhage be on the blood pressure?
2. In which postition, sitting, lying down, or standing, is the blood pressure normally highest?

Bellringer #41
1. Name the veins that run:
a. Through the neck b. To the kidney c. In the lower leg d. Past the knee e. Along the surface of the heart f. Down the lower arm
Bellringer #40
1. What do hypertension and hypotension mean?
2. What is a normal blood pressure reading?
Bellringer #39
1. Describe the structural differences between arteries, capillaries, and veins.
2. Name the arteries that:
a. Run up the neck b. Run through the armpit c. Run down the midline of the body d. Run past the pelvic bone e. Run down the thigh
Bellringer #38
1. Draw a picture and label an electrocardiogram (EKG).
2. What does the P wave represent?
3. What does the QRS wave represent?
4. What does the T wave represent?
Bellringer #37
1. What did you notice about the width of the membrane on the pulmonary trunk versus the aorta?
2. How did the width of the muscle on the four chambers differ from each other? How does their structure relate to their function?
Bellringer #36
1. Which of the blood vessels needs to be the strongest and largest?
2. How does the heart prevent blood flowing in the wrong direction?
3. Describe the outer covering of the heart. What is it's function?
Bellringer #35
1. Draw a picture of the heart and label the following external structures: Aorta, Superior/Inferior Vena Cava, Right Atrium, Left Atrium, Right Ventricle, Left Ventricle, Coronary Vessels, Pulmonary Trunk
2. Draw a picture of the heart and label the following internal structures: Right Atrium, Left Atrium, Right Ventricle, Left Ventricle, Interventricular septum, Bicuspid Valve, Tricuspid Valve, Pulmonary semilunar valve, Aortic Valve
Bellringer #34
1. Trace one drop of blood from the time it enters the right atrium of the heart until it enters the left atrium.
2. What is this circuit called?
Bellringer #33
1. How many chambers does our heart have?
2. What is the difference between arteries and veins?
Bellringer #32
1. Where in the body does hematopoiesis occur?
2. What percentage of the blood is:
Leukocytes & platelets
Bellringer #31
1. A patient on renal dialysis has a low RBC count. What hormone, secreted by the kidney, can be assumed to be deficient?
2. Why is someone more likely to bleed to death when an artery is cleanly severed than when it is crushed and torn?
Bellringer #30
Describe the functions of the following cells:
1. Basophils
2. Eosinophils
3. Lymphocytes
4. Monocytes
5. Neutrophils
6. Erythrocytes
7. Megakaryocytes
Bellringer #29
1. Name the stem cell that produces virtually all formed elements in the blood.
2. Name the formed elements that arise from the myeloid stem cell.
3. Name those arising from the lymphoid stem cells.
Bellringer #28
Describe the functions of the:
1. Erythrocytes
2. Leukocytes
3. Platelets
4. Plasma
Bellringer #27
1. How much blood does the average person have?
2. How much is usually given during a blood donation?
Bellringer #26
Identify the type of tissue (connective, epithelial, muscle, nervous) you would classify the following structures as:
1. Blood
2. Femur (long leg bone)
3. Skin
4. Inside lining of the intestine
5. Spinal cord
6. Ligament
7. Heart
8. Infant bones
Bellringer #25
Identify whether the following are smooth, cardiac, and/or skeletal muscle:
1. Allows you to direct your eyeballs.
2. Displays intercalated discs.
3. Changes the internal volume of an organ as it contracts.
4. Contains spindle-shaped cells.
5. Has a banded appearance.
Bellringer #24
Identify the major tissue type described below:
1. Form hormones
2. Most widely distributed tissue in the body
3. Forms mucous, serous and epidermal membranes
4. Packages and protects body organs.
Bellringer #23
1. What is the role of the spindle fibers in mitosis?
2. Describe the relative roles of DNA and RNA in protein synthesis.
Bellringer #22
1. List the phases of mitosis.
2. What is cytokinesis?
Bellringer #21
1. What is mitosis?
2. List 4 different types of cells and describe their appearance.
Bellringer #20
1. Describe what happened to the egg after leaving it in vinegar. Why did this happen?
2. Describe what happened to the egg after leaving it in water. Why did this happen?
Bellringer #19
1. If a cell is submersed in a solution of pure water, in what direction will the water move (into or out of the cell)? Explain.
2. If a cell is submersed in a solution of very salty water, in what direction will the water move? Explain.
Bellringer #18
Name the cell part:
1. Controls what enters and leaves the cell.
2. Uses food to make ATP.
3. Tightly coiled structures found in the nucleus that contain DNA.
4. Substance surrounding organelles where the cells functions take place.
Bellringer #17
1. Name the organelle that:
a. Digests dead or worn out organelles
b. Makes ribosomes
c. Makes steroids
d. Makes proteins
Bellringer #16
1. Describe the functions for each cell part:
a. Cytoskeleton
b. Lysosomes
c. Peroxisomes
d. Chromatin
e. Chromosomes
Bellringer #15
1. What is the difference between embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells?
2. What are some of the potential benefits of using stem cells?
Bellringer #14
1. What are stem cells?
2. Why has research on stem cells become so controversial?
Bellringer #13
Describe the location and function for each of the cell parts below:
a. Nucleoli
b. Plasma Membrane
c. Ribosomes
d. Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Bellringer #12
1. What functional abilities do all cells exhibit?
2. Name the organelle that does the following task:
a. ATP synthesis n protein synthesis
b. Packages proteins for export
c. Contain digestive enzymes for breaking down worn-out cell structures
Bellringer #11
1. Match the following terms to the statement below:
Protein Lipid Carbohydrate

a. Primary Components of Bread and Lollipops
b. Primary components of Meats and Cheese
c. Primary components of Egg Yolks and Peanut Oil
2 . Name the four bases found in the structure of DNA.
3. Explain the differences between organic and inorganic compounds

Bellringer #10 for Black Day Bellringer #9 for Gold Day
Name each of the following types of structures:

Bellringer #9 for Black Day Bellringer #10 for Gold Day
Name the compound described below:
1. Includes RNA and DNA
2. Can release OH-
3. Contains high-energy phosphate bonds.
4. Includes steroids.
5. Includes sugars and starches
Bellringer #8
1. Name the building blocks of carbohydrates.
2. Name the building blocks of proteins
3. Name the building blocks of fats.
4. Name the building blocks of nucleic acids.
Bellringer #7
1. All atoms are neutral. Explain the basis for this fact.
2. What happens in the blood when blood pH drops into the acid range or acidosis? (check out page 39 if you're not sure).
Bellringer #6
1. If an element has 8 protons and a mass of 16, how many neutrons does it have? Name this element.
2. How many protons, electrons, and neutrons does the most common isotope (this just means round the mass on the P.T.) of Magnesium have?
3. If a substance has a pH of 4.5 would it be an acid, base, or neutral?
Bellringer #5
Name the following elements
(there is a periodic table in the back of your planner that you can use) 1. K 2. C 3. Ca 4. F 5. Cl 6. Fe Write the symbols for the following: 1. Sodium 2. Magnesium 3. Manganese 4. Molybdenum 5. Tin 6. Zinc
Bellringer #4
Name the following anatomical regions:
1. The head
2. The arm
3. The stomach
4. The calf
5. The tip of the shoulder
6. The curve of the shoulder
Bellringer #3
Complete the following statements:
1. The shoulder is ________ to the forearm.
2. The brain is __________ to the spinal cord.
3. The elbows are __________ to the navel.
4. The breastbone is _______ to the spine.
Bellringer #2
1. Name the 5 survival needs.
2. How is the concept of homeostasis (or its loss) related to disease and aging? Provide examples to support your reasoning.
Bellringer #1
1. List the 11 Body Systems.
2. Name two major organs or body parts for each system.